Fansipan - rooftops country
Fansipan mountain is located on Hoang Lien Son range, is HuaSiPan- dialect means "giant protruding rock." The mountain has been dubbed the roof of Indochina by 3143m altitude compared to sea level. Stunning beauty as Azaleas flower forest, bamboo forest, spare forest and spectacular scenery in the greatness of Fansipan that as we are lost in a fairy tale.
From the center of the town of Sa Pa (Sa Pa district, Lao Cai province), go to the north, opposite the Silver Falls about 15 km to the forest gate Tram Ton, where the altitude of 1,800 m. From here you start to conquer Fansipan stems. Along a shallow ravine was a steep signal a journey started many hardships. After about an hour pass gnarled plant floor, began to sink yourself into the ancient forest with tall trees and big hugs to several people stood crowded closely. A typical of tropical primary forest multilayer which has two distinct plant floor giant trees and low-rise. Rhododendron forest species Hoang Lien turns blooming throughout the year, covering silk colorful forests, every species hatch in a few weeks. Followed by the military cabinet bamboo forest, forest Tung Orchid species ....
Hoang Lien National Park is a national park Vietnam was established in 2002, is located at an altitude above sea level from 1.000-3000m on Hoang Lien Son range of districts of Sa Pa, Lao Cai province Than Uyen, and part of Lai Chau province Phong Tho District.
The geographical coordinates of 22 ° 07”-garden from 22 ° 23 ”north latitude and 103 ° 00”-104 ° 00” east longitude. Before being recognized as a national park, the area is a nature reserve called Nature Reserve-Sapa Hoang Lien National Park since 1996. Hoang Lien was established under Decision No. 90 / 2002 / QD-TTg of the Prime Minister July 12, 2002, on the transformation of the nature reserve-Sapa the Hoang Lien National Park Hoang Lien.
Hoang Lien National Park was chosen as a center of diversity of plant species in the conservation program of plant species of the Association for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Park is also a global environmental fund is classified in category A, the most senior of the biodiversity value of Vietnam. In 2006, Hoang Lien National Park is recognized as ASEAN Heritage Park.
The location, size, characteristics
Hoang Lien National Park is one of the important special-use forests of Vietnam, located at an altitude of 1,000 to 3,000 meters above sea level, northwest of the Hoang Lien mountain range, including the highest peak in Indochina Pansipan (3.143m). The total core area of the park includes 29.845ha, including strict protection area occupied 11.875ha, ecological restoration zones occupied
17.900ha and administrative services division includes 70ha. The core zone of the park is full of San Sa Ho commune, Lao Chai, Ta Van, The Lake District, Sa Pa, Lao Cai province and part of the Muong Khoa Than Uyen districts Properties. The buffer zone of the park has a total area of 38.724ha, including Sapa town and some communes in two districts of Sa Pa, Lao Cai Van Ban, and 2 communes in Phong Tho in Lai Chau province. In the area there are six ethnic groups, including Hmong and Dao ethnic majority. Ecotype garden subtropical forest to alpine fauna and flora rich, diverse, including many rare and endemic habitats.
The fauna and flora
Plants in Hoang Lien National Park with 2,024 species of 200 families in which there are 66 species in the Vietnam Red Book, 32 rare species, 11 endangered species such as the green cypress, set sam, through bamboo, red pine , nail parts, spare chestnut etc. There are more than 700 plant species are used as medicines, including medicinal plants are exploited and put to use millennium long as events, parties shall, field, major park, bird foot royal links, azalea, needle, cardamom etc. This was not longer than 2,500 species specimens obtained but not yet identified the tree names.
Here we also find ancient fungus Ganoderma fungus including those weighing over 6kg. Survey follow along the Hoang Lien, the scientists also discovered more rare, as in altitude
2,000 meters of area Rate Seo My communes have until December to grow consecutive po mu forest area over 100 hectares, each tree has a diameter of 1m; Fansipan district to San Sa Ho at an altitude of nearly 3,000 meters, discovered rhododendron forest with 20 species in total 27 species present in Vietnam, which is the species most beautiful and glasses raised, raised suspension magic, raising silie. The number of endemic plant species make up 25% of the endemic plant species in Vietnam, making the Hoang Lien National Park possesses genetic treasure most endangered forest in the national park in Vietnam. Garden owns three species are particularly rare species of blue cypress, distributed in karst Ban Ho, Sa Pa district, scattered over an area of 30 hectares but only less than 10 trees with trunk diameters 20-30cm, 20 m high. Red pines only 3 individuals were found at Sa Pa Sa Pa district, living at altitudes above 2,000 meters. Hoang Lien spruce species (sam cold) grows at an altitude of 2.700m, tall trees from 18-20M, stem from 50-80cm in diameter, distributed in the core area national park with an area of 400-500 hectares. Three rare plants are now being World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) Indochina Programme and recommends necessary measures to preserve and propagate as at risk of extinction.
About animal, Hoang Lien National Park has 66 species of mammals, including 16 species in the Vietnam Red Book. Besides the familiar species like squirrel, lynx, chamois, black gibbons, are endangered species like black gibbons, hornbills, diagonal cross, silvered langurs cheek; 347 species of birds, including rare species such as the eagle spotting big, red crested pheasant, thrush gold mine; 41 amphibian species; 61 species of reptiles. Garden genetic conservation of amphibians half in Vietnam, including rare species of frog spikes have been found.